Geography

Area:

23,180 sq. km; slightly smaller than Massachusetts.

Cities:

Capital--Djibouti. Other cities--Dikhil, Arta, Ali-Sabieh, Obock, Tadjourah.

Terrain:

Coastal desert.

Climate:

Torrid and dry.



Economy

Curency:

Djiboutian franc


Djibouti benefits From:

A currency, having a fixed parity with the US Dollar (1US $ = 177,721 FD) and freely convertible. There are no exchange rate controls, and there is complete freedom of monetary and financial movement. The fiscal regime is liberal, and investment laws are attractive.


A free trade zone, and an openess toward the outside world facility by the country's membership in COMESA, ACP, and the Arab League.



People

Nationality:

Noun and adjective--Djiboutian(s).

2009 census:

818,159.

Annual population growth rate (2011 est.):

2.237%.

Ethnic groups:

Somali, Afar, Ethiopian, Arab, French, and Italian.

Religions:

Muslim 94%, Christian 6%.

Languages:

French and Arabic (official); Somali and Afar widely used.

Education:

Literacy--67.9%.

Health:

Infant mortality rate--54.94/1,000. Life expectancy--61 years.

Work force:

Low employment rate. The largest employers are the Government of Djibouti, including telecommunications and electricity; Port of Djibouti; and airport. The U.S. Government, including the U.S. military base at Camp Lemonnier, is also a large employer. Able-bodied unemployed population (est. 2007)--59%.



Government

Type:

Republic.

Constitution:

Ratified September 1992 by referendum.

Independence:

June 27, 1977.

Branches:

Executive--president. Legislative--65-member parliament, cabinet, prime minister. Judicial--based on French civil law system, traditional practices, and Islamic law.

Administrative subdivisions:

6 regions (districts)--Ali-Sabieh, Arta, Dikhil, Djibouti City, Obock, and Tadjourah.

Political parties:

People's Rally for Progress (RPP); National Democratic Party (PND); Front For The Restoration of Unity and Democracy (FRUD); Djibouti Development Party (PDD); People’s Social Democratic Party (PPSD); Republican Alliance for Democracy (ARD); Union for Democracy and Justice (UDJ); Union of Reform Partisans (UPR).

Suffrage:

Universal at 18.

National holiday:

Independence Day, June 27.